Frankly, I did not understand this very difficult topic well until I was elected to the Board and trained. What you and I would consider bullying is not what the law states as it requires the action to be motivated by a distinguishing characteristic. Cases that do not fit HIB can absolutely be considered Code of Conduct violations and even met with greater punishment even if they are not deemed to be HIB by the Administration and the Board. Also many parents are frustrated because the privacy laws prevent the Administration from revealing punishments given to the perpetrator. It can leave parents thinking “nothing was done” when in fact that is rarely the case. I think we need to do a better job communicating with parents on both sides every step of the way during the due process. To prevent HIB we need to continue our focus on social emotional learning of the students.